Trees and forests are critical resources for people’s livelihoods, environmental conservation and national economic development. In Uganda, forestry contributes about 6% of the GDP of Uganda and more than 90% of the population depends directly on forests for their energy needs, materials for furniture and construction as well as food and other non-timber forest products (including fruits, nuts, medicinal plants, fodder and other products) trees and forests also provide critical ecological services including; contributing directly to livelihoods and can complement other key components of poverty reduction (e.g. food production, education and primary health care). Tree production has a great potential for improving the income earnings, food security and living standards of poor communities.
On the global scale, considerable potential exists for Uganda to increase Timber production and exploit export markets by capitalizing on the out of season markets in the temperate countries. For this to be successful, however, reliable production of high quality Timber must be guaranteed and the necessary infrastructure must be set in place to ensure that farm-fresh quality Timber is delivered to markets on time. This calls for increased level and efficiency of production. The project will assist local farmers to adopt Agro forestry systems (including establishment woodlosts/tree losts, where feasible), plant trees in degraded catchments areas along and conduct community training and awareness workshops. It will Under Policy Statement 2, the government aims to promote sustainable management of natural forests on private lands, within the context of wider integrated land use and agricultural development needs; while, under Policy Statement 6 on farm forestry, the Government aims to promote and support apiculture in order to boost land productivity, increase farm incomes, increase farm incomes, alleviate pressures on natural forests andimprove food security.
Over the last few years, the forest cover in Yumbe district has significantly reduced. According to the Local Representative of Mongoyo Parish, local people reported that, many parts of the district had extensive forest and tree cover but now most of it is gone. This has resulted in loss of biodiversity (including medicinal plants and wild animals in the former hunting areas) and severe land degradation due to soil erosion and loss of fertility. The local people noted that many areas which used to be very fertile are now barren and the overall agricultural productivity in the area has declined dramatically which is pushing people deeper into poverty. Moreover, pressure on the remaining forests and trees is high as the proportion of people depending up on themfor firewood and non-timber products is quite high. Further, despite its potential contribution to the food security, Timber,Nutrition and income for the rural population in Yumbe Apiculture is a relatively low-key economic activity in Mongoyo Parish and many other areas in Yumbe district. Many farmers in the area are oblivious of its economic potential and are generally reluctant to engage in it partly because of the current low productivity levels and relatively high pre- and post-harvest crop losses due to pests and diseases and poor handling. Production is constrained by the low access to essential inputs. Furthermore, local small farmers have limited knowledge and skills in modern technologies, appropriate farming practices, proper post-harvest handling and quality control, and effective marketing skills. There are also a number of other inter-related constraints and barriers to sustainable Tree Planting in the project area including; low technical and organizational capacities of farmers and limited institutional government support and extension services for the local people. The local people in Yumbe especially women, lack extension services and access to relevant information, including market information. They also have no access to credit; they lack capital and essential farm inputs and tools. There is a need to sensitize, empower and assist the members& rural farmers to increase agricultural productivity of Trees and address potential environmental risks. This project will assist farmers to address some of the above – mentioned constraints and other emerging issues and needs so that people in the project area can derive maximum benefit from Forestry and agro forestry practices as a strategy for improved food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable livelihoods. It will encourage and support the local farmers to transform the current smallholder subsistence farming into economically viable agro-businesses. The project will, inter alia, facilitate access to improved seeds; promote the adoption of modern agricultural technologies by farmers; provide also facilitate the establishment of least three community groups including one community association. The project will complement and support relevant government policies and programmes. In particular, it will contribute to the implementation of the plan for modernization of agriculture (PMA) and National Forest Policy (NFP 2001). The PMA is a strategic and operational framework for agricultural transformation of the livelihoods of the majority of subsistence farmers in Uganda by eradicating poverty through transformation of subsistence agriculture to commercial agriculture. PMA is part of government’s broader strategy of eradicating poverty contained in the Poverty Eradication Action plan (PEAP) and it is “enhancing production, competitiveness and incomes”. This will be achieved through raising farm productivity, increasing the agricultural production that is marketed and creating on and off farm employment. The stated goal of the NFP 2000 to achieve; “An integrated forest sector that achieves sustainable increases in the economic, social and environmental benefits from forests and trees by all the people of Uganda, especially the poor and vulnerable”. The policy includes a number of policy statements and strategies on specific areas including; development and sustainable management of natural forest on private land (Policy Statement 2), collaborative forest management (Policy Statement 5), farm forestry (Policy Statement 6); forest biodiversity conservation (Policy Statement 7); watershed management (Policy Statement 8); education, training and research (Policy Statement 10); and supply of tree seed and planting material (Policy Statement 11). training in appropriate sustainable farming practices (including; soil and water conservation, integrated fertility management, composting, crop rotation, mulching, intercropping/use of cover crops, sylvopastoral systems and integrated pest management); facilitate the establishment of farmer producer groups and foster competitive marketing of locally produced fruit products, including through training in harvest and post-harvest handling and quality control skills. The project is expected to improve the livelihoods of 100 farmers in the project area. This will be achieved in a number of ways, including; enabling the beneficiary farmers to increase Planting of Trees for sale in the local markets in order to increase their incomes and to achieve domestic food self-sufficiency and improved nutrition, which will in turn result in better health and increased economic productive capacity. The project will also act as a catalyst for the local beneficiaries to engage in other off-farm economic activities, community development initiatives and social networks that would further improve their well-being and self-esteem. It is hoped that the project will serve as a model in Mongoyo parish and that a follow- up project will be developed building on the best experience.
Project Scope This project will be implemented by the local people in close collaboration with community in Mongoyo Parish in Drajini sub-county, in Yumbe district. The project aims to build the capacity of World Nature Saver members & rural small Farmers, to engage in or upscale integrated Tree Planting activities for improved food security and income generation with minimum environmental risks. It seeks to foster income diversification and increased food production for self-sufficiency in terms of household dietary and nutritional needs. The project will promote a wide range of strategies to assist and empower members & farmers to address the above mentioned barriers and other emerging needs. Members will be encouraged and assisted to transform subsistence farming practices into economically viable Tree businesses, including; depending on the specific needs and preferences of the different farming households, The project will build the capacity of member beneficiaries and provide technical support, resources, and guidance/advice to farmers in planting trees and engage in community tree planting activities. It will promote large scale growing of trees and the establishment of fruit tree collection centre for marketing. It will also promote the adoption of simple techniques, such as processing Timber that would help to transform low quality Timber into high quality Timber. the project will also offer training workshops to teach farmers basic skills including a) technical training in various aspects of sustainable Tree planting and tending of fruits in the field; and to harvest and post-harvest handling, storage and marketing skills; from picking to transportation and marketing centredevelopment and dissemination of awareness and training materials on sustainable urban agricultural practices (including brochures, simple guidebooks/manuals, videos, etc) for organization of field visits to research centers and farmer- to-farmers tours; and others Specifically, the project will assist at least 100 member’s farmers and their households to: (a) Gain access to agricultural inputs (including pesticides) necessary to enhance bee production and appropriately use them. (b) Adopt appropriate agricultural technologies and farming practices (including techniques for sustainable water management and integrated pest management, etc (c) Access credit to buy basic faming tools and equipment (including spray pumps, etc) and improved storage equipment and facilities (d) Enhance the quality of the agricultural products by improving post-harvest processing, handling and storage, including through training in efficient processing and appropriate handling practices for different agricultural products and quality control systems and technologies (e.g. product transportation and storage). (e) Add value to their product including through small-scale agro-processing Access and maximize new and existing markets for their product including; fresh fruits, and other products. (f) Undergo training in sustainable agricultural practices and small scale agri-business (including product marketing skills) (i) Access relevant information for increased production and access to better markets. By 2010 many farmers in Yumbe district were faced with a problem of increasing vulnerability characterized by high poverty levels living below the poverty level of one dollar per day and food insecurity. The causes are many and include among others. •The rapidly growing rural population has expanded the frontiers of agriculture into natural forest and wetland ecosystems. The District now experiences more frequent local droughts, faster drying up of water springs during the dry season is now a serious problem. •Weak farmers’ organization resulting into low social capital. The strong cooperative movement that had developed over time broke down in the 1970s due to Government interference in management through the appointment of leaders, hence destroying its democratic basis, and the non-payment of farmers produce delivered to Government through the cooperative movement. •Expensive and often inappropriate agriculture inputs •Inaccessible and/or inappropriate extension services. •Poor marketing systems. political insolubility •Lack of access to credit pronounced gender inequality.
At least 100 local farmers, particularly Youth and women in Mongoyo parish, are expected to benefit directly from the project. Priority will be given to those farmers that are most poor and vulnerable, including; single mothers, widows, HIV/AIDS affected, the disabled & youth. awareness seminars and workshops, local people who will visit the project initiatives and uptake the knowledge and those who will be inspired by the project activities, learn from the participating farmers and adopt the modern appropriate practices. As well as members of the participating households who will benefit from the improved food.
The goal of the project is to contribute to the eradication of poverty, food insecurity and fostering a lasting high quality of life for the local people in Yumbe district while safeguarding long, term environmental sustainability. The medium-term development goal of the project is to enhance the ability of farmers to increase and sustain agricultural production for improved household food security, nutrition and income generation while at the same time safeguarding the environment by adopting sustainable agricultural practices and appropriate technologies.
i)To assist at least 100 World Nature Saver members & local farmers, particularly poor and disadvantaged women, to engage in Tree growing for improved food security and income generation by among other things, enabling them to access improved or high quality Tree products.
ii)To promote awareness among local communities of the value and importance of bee keeping materials.To enhance cap city of farming households in Mongoyo parish and surrounding areas to apply appropriate technologies and sustainable farming practices (including, water conservation, integrated pest management, environmentally sustainable application of chemicals, etc) through awareness and training workshops, information dissemination and extension services.
iii)To assist World Nature Saver members & farmers to acquire the necessary tools and equipment (e.g. spray pumps, and establish proper farm infrastructure, including post-harvest and storage facilities and transportation means
iv)To mobilize and assist the project beneficiaries to organize themselves into farmers’ groups and a community Association to manage and sustain the activities initiated under the project and take advantage of the economies of scale in purchase of farm inputs; processing, transportation and marketing of agricultural produce; increase their market share and facilitate better access to credit and other financial services.
The expected benefits of the project include; improved food security through Timber production, higher household incomes from the harvested Trees leading to improved health and quality of life for local people. The project is also expected to promote public awareness and appreciation of the relationship between the environment, food security and the quality of life.
The project will involve the following substantive activities organized under five main components, namely; community mobilization and local awareness; agricultural production and marketing; farmers’ capacity building and training; environmental protection; and project coordination and management. Component 1:Land Acquisition The focus of this component will be to have access to vast land to support of the Project.
Outcome1:To acquire land of Sixty five (65) hectors.Part of this land fifteen (15) hectors is readily available customary land to start the project in the initial phase to engage in sustainable Tree planting and agriculture Activities.To organize the community most especially the Local elders on the aviable land release for the project activities To meet the National forest Authority in discussion to release part of demarcated leased land in Kulua forest that has been devastated by the people by massive clearing of the forest for charcoal, Local firewood, and also bush burning that has been left for over ten years so that re-afforestation can be done by World Nature Saver To create awareness to the people who have illegally penetrated into the forest reserve areas to Move away for the project to kick start.
Indicators: Availability of customary land to Kick start the project Acceptability documents from National forest authority to permit the operations of World Nature Saver in reserved land in Kulua Awareness creation meetings with the people who have entered into the reserve land and land vacation letters issued
Activities 1.1.1 Organize community mobilization seminars on project activities 1.1.2 Organize 3 awareness workshop on the potential and benefits of sustainable Tree e growing and home gardening initiatives including; one for local leaders (i.e. the parish and sub-county chiefs, the local council (LC) chairpersons and secretaries responsible for community development in Mongoyo parish. 1.1.4Produce and disseminate at least 1000 awareness materials including brochures, posters and T-Shirts on Tree growing & tree planting practices. Indicators Number of farmers engaging in project and receiving tangible benefits from project supported activities •Cumulative number of people inspired and active in relation to the project. marketing; farmers’ capacity building and training; environmental protection; and project coordination and management.
Activities 2.2.1 Assist farmers to access modern farm equipment and implements train them in their proper use. 2.2.2 Assist farmers to establish proper post-harvest storage facilities and acquire appropriate facilities for transportation of products. Indicators •50% of beneficiaries using modern farm equipment and implements. •75% of beneficiaries with practical skills and knowledge in post harvest techniques C.Component 3: Farmers’ Capacity – Building and Training Under this component, the project will build capacities of World Nature Saver member’s local volunteers and local council administration to identify and respond to Tree growing practices and natural resource management related needs. Through a series of training workshops, field extension training/sensitization, participants will be imparted with workshops, field extension training/sensitization, participants will be imparted with knowledge on different thematic aspects of agro forestry practices including tools and techniques to facilitate application of that knowledge in different situations.
Outcome 3. Enhanced capacity of local beneficiaries to fully engage in and maximize the benefits of bee keeping. Output 3.1 At least 100 farmers trained including increasing their awareness and understanding on how to use Agro forestry as a tool to strengthen food security, alleviate poverty, promote sustainable livelihoods and ameliorate the living environment.
Activities 3.1.1 Organize extension training/sensitization and demonstration forums on key issues including sustainable bee production systems including efficient use of natural resources including water and land practices, harvesting and post harvesting techniques and practices. 3.1.2 Organize 3 training seminar for project beneficiaries in sustainable agricultural practices and including efficient use of natural resources including water and land 3.1.3 Train five (05) local agricultural facilitators/ basic agricultural sustainable farming practices and have them placed on job training in the project. 3.1.4 Establish at least one on-farm demonstration plot within the area for training and outreach purposes. Indicator •Majority of farmers and local people sensitized and trained in sustainable Agro Forestry management practice. •At least one demonstration site established. •At least 5 volunteers trained and placed on job training in the project.
Activities 3.2.1Assist beneficiaries identify and access markets for their products in urban centre’s and the surrounding skills Under this component the project will address the natural resource management needs including the environmental stress and risks associated with Agro Forestry agriculture practices. Through a series of on spot advice, field visits, workshop and sensitization training; undertake “best bet” practices that are not only attractive to communities but also fulfill priority benefit criteria such as in-situ conservation in biodiversity home gardens of important native Tree medicinal, identified by local community beneficiaries.
Outcome 4: Beneficiaries and community at large have access to resources needed to improve the effectiveness and benefits and environmental sustainability of their activities. Activities: 4.1.1Organize awareness sensitization seminar and extension training on the need and advantages of and management of the environment in relation to the project. Indicators •Reduced incidences of tree cutting and forest destruction including runoff and the threat of floods. E. Component 5: Project Management, Coordination and Monitoring and Evaluation The component will include technical supervision and coordination, financial management, work plan, reporting functions, monitoring and evaluation of the project.
Outcome 5.1: Effective oversight, monitoring of project activities, policy guidance and lessons learned. Activities The project will be implemented for Five years in three main phases, namely: the preparatory phase, the implementation phase and the evaluation and reporting phase. The preparatory phase (3 months) will involve establishment of the project steering committee, recruitment of the project staff, procurement of project equipment and community mobilization and initial awareness. During the implementation phase (2-4 years), a series of activities will be undertaken, including assisting farmers to; acquire the necessary farm equipments and Materials the second phase will also include most of the awareness and capacity-building activities including; the production of awareness materials; the seminars and training workshops; the organization of short intensive course and on-job training for the local extension workers; establishment of the demonstration sites; farmer-to- farm visits; and the on-farm extension support including assisting local people to establish tree nurseries and plant trees on their farms. The last phase will involve evaluation and reporting. The final phase (5th Year) of the project will include evaluation and reporting activities, including the compilation of case studies, the shooting of the final documentary video about the project and the preparation and dissemination of the final evaluation report of the project Years.
The lead implementing partners will be responsible for assisting the participating beneficiaries to identify and purchase, at their cost the desired farm inputs and equipment. They will also organize all the training activities, procure the training materials, mobilize the resource persons, organize the study tours and offer extension services upon request. implementation, consider and approve work plans, review financial reports and address any project issues that require policy-level direction and guidance. A project management unit will be established in Mongoyo Parish to undertake the day-to-day activities The project will also benefit from the support of more than 5 volunteers. In addition, Drajini sub county has facilitators and volunteers comprising with extensive experience and expertise in different fields who will provide guidance to the project.
The progress of the project will be monitored through periodic assessments against the project outputs and indicators set out in the monitoring and evaluation plan contained in Annex II. Semi-annual progress reports will be prepared by the project coordinator and submitted to the steering Committee, the donor(s) and relevant government authorities. The reports will, inter alia, outline the activities undertaken, the achievements made, the constraints encountered and the lessons learned. An annual financial and management audit report will be undertaken as part of the normal internal process of the project. A participatory monitoring and reporting system supported will be used to assess the progress and impact of the project. The project beneficiaries will be asked to provide feedback to the project management team regarding positive aspects and any shortcomings in the project implementation. Anecdotes from the project beneficiaries about their experience in fruit growing and agro forestry practices and overall perceived benefits (e.g. changes in lifestyle/quality of life and in household’ incomes, improvements in nutrition and food security, etc) will be compiled through informal interviews. On the basis the progress reports and the feedback received from the community, necessary adjustments to the project will be identified and recommended to the project steering committee for consideration. The final evaluation of the project will be undertaken by an independent consultant during the last three months of the project termination. Information about the progress of the project will be published in the semi-annual newsletter produced by Mongoyo Parish and or the community association. A video documentary about the project, featuring aspects of the implementation process, the results and impact the project on the community and the general lessons learned will be produced for both reporting and outreach purposes.
A. Risks The most substantial risk to the project goal and purpose is that the capacity at community level is insufficient to adequately manage the project tasks. This risk will be addressed through substantial investment of project resources in capacity building and strengthening and volunteer training. Another moderate risk relates to severe drought in the project area that may prevent gains in output and income. Measures that will be undertaken are the promotion of sustainable land management practices that specifically address adaptation to climate variability, and land use planning that analyzes zones of vulnerability and develops local strategies for adaptation to these risks. Fire outbreaks during dry seasons, measures will be taken to clear pathways and employ forest guides to protect the forest. Illegal lumbering of Trees, all the authorities will be made aware of and a drastic action will be taken against the Lumbers in a Punitive Manner by law. Damage by stray animals and intruders, a chain Link fence will be provided to protect the forest at early stages to prevent destruction by Animals and intruders.
B. Project Sustainability The sustainability of the project rests upon several key factors. Firstly, the project design places major emphasis on capacity building and process strengthening. Overall, the objective is to ensure that at the end of the implementation period, all major project stakeholders including beneficiaries and local council administration have all increased their capacity to support Agro forestry.This objective renders the success of the process aspect of the project of almost as great importance as the immediate project development objective of poverty reduction. Secondly, the project design does include a project implementation strategy, for example: The project management will encourage and facilitate the beneficiaries of the project to form groups and constitute themselves into a community Association, which provides opportunities to further manage the project after its official closure. Thirdly, project funds will be used to ensure productivity of key resources more so land, which results in objectively verifiable benefits. This will, in turn, provide a long term basis for vulnerability reduction among the poor and strengthen their ability to focus beyond immediate subsistence needs. Project staff, community leaders and members, including beneficiaries and volunteers that will participate in baseline surveys will contribute to enhanced local capacity to continue to apply and refine project methods and extend results and lessons learned to other areas. By involving the community in all stages of the project from planning, designing, and finally operation and maintenance will help ensure sustainability of the project. To guarantee suitability and sustainability, the project will pay special attention to assessing and meeting demand at all levels.
C. Reliability The potential for replication of the project is considered to be moderate due to the innovative approach in which agro forestry is closely linked to. Current poverty levels, incomes and food security including environmental conservation. Successful implementation, both in terms of poverty reduction outcomes as well as the mainstreaming of beneficiary support processes, would provide a strong argument for replication of the project into other areas within Yumbe district including surrounding areas. A replication strategy and action plan would be prepared before end of project and reviewed by all key stakeholders. The plan would identify the main lessons learned from the first year of implementation, assess progress and capacity World Nature Saver members to carry out project activities, as well as resources required to carry out these activities and potential sources.
D. Community Participation and Gender considerations. A full-fledged participation plan to engage all stakeholders in a dialogue and provide them with a platform for interaction, planning, and decision-making in view of resources and poverty in the project area will be carried out through community mobilization and identification of beneficiaries. An orientation workshop for all stakeholders including local council administration will be organized and provide them with a platform for interaction & planning. F. Social Impacts The project will have substantial social benefits and no adverse social impacts. It is expected to make an important positive contribution to community environmental conservation, tree and forest resource management, income generation, food security and access to forestry resources on people’s livelihoods. The project will make important contributions to providing incomes to beneficiaries as a poverty alleviation strategy and provide for an important opportunity for the beneficiaries to gainfully participate in community and national development.
Objective/Outcome Verifiable Indicators Means of Verification Assumptions Frequency of reporting Goal: The goal of the project is to contribute to the eradication of poverty, food insecurity and fostering a lasting high quality of life for the local people in palaja parish while safeguarding long-term environmental sustainability. •Change in average poverty levels in project area compared with non-project areas •Welfare monitoring reports (every 1 year) •Beneficiaries survey reports •Intentions of the project with regard to poverty alleviation and natural resources use realized Project end Midterm Objective: The medium-term development goal of the project is to enhance the ability of farmers in palaja parish to increase and sustain agricultural honey production for improved household food security, nutrition and income generation. •Agricultural production increased by 45% of land for 100 household •M&E reports •Ground surveys •Community willingness to implement agriculture best practices. Yearly To assist at least 100 members & local farmers, particularly •Number of farmers •M &E Reports •Community willing to Mid term review To assist at least 100 members & local farmers, particularly poor and disadvantaged women youth and elderly in production for improved food security and income generation by among other things enabling them to access improved or post- harvest losses due to pests, diseases and poor management •Number of farmers engaging in project receiving tangible benefits from projects supported activities •50%of beneficiaries with practical skills and knowledge best farm practices. •M &E reports •Farmers survey reports •Community willing to learn and participate in the project Mid term review Increased productivity, diversity and quality of honey products leading to increased food availability and balanced diet for beneficiary households. •Number of beneficiaries with active gardens and related practices •Participatory households interviews •Community willing to learn and participate in the project Mid term review Improved farmers’ skills and institutional capacities for marketing of products •Participating beneficiaries experience and •Monitoring reports •Market •Traders willing to buy Quarterly To enhance capacity of farming households in palaja parish and surrounding areas to apply appropriate technologies and sustainable farming practices (including composting, soil and water conservation, integrated pest management, environmentally sustainable application of pest through awareness and training workshops, information dissemination and extension services •Number of farmer households adopting best and sustainable agriculture practices, 30% increase in acreage and yields, change in cropping pattern by mid –term year1 •Household members willing to learn and practice best practices •Beneficiaries adequately equipped with necessary skills. Beneficiaries with access to high value planting materials and basic tools by mid first year •Quantity of materials and tools facilitated to beneficiaries •Number of households directly benefiting form project •Counting of households with active gardens and he total number of people in those households. •Beneficiaries willing to utilize material facilitated Quarterly To assist farmers to acquire the necessary tools and equipment •Beneficiaries have tools and •Counting of beneficiaries •
3-DRICILE PATRICK-CHAIRMAN-DIPLOMA IN EDUCATION
3- ALIGA GEOFREY -SECRETARY-GRADE THREE TEACHER PRIMARY EDUCATION
11 CANDIRU JANE-MEMBER-PRIMARY DROP OUT
12-AGONDURU VIVIAN-MEMBER-PRIMARY DROP OUT
13 MAMBO HILLARY-MEMBER-PRIMARY DROP OUT
14 MAUNDUA JOHN-MEMBER-PRIMARY DROP OUT
15-OCOKORU HARRIET-MEMBER-PRIMARY DROP OUT